About MEAJO | Editorial board | Search | Ahead of print | Current Issue | Archives | Instructions to authors | Online submission | Subscribe | Advertise | Contact | Login 
Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
Users Online: 523   Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 77-80

Risk factors for diabetic retinopathy among Jordanian diabetics

Department of Ophthalmology, Jordan University Hospital, Amman, Jordan

Correspondence Address:
Khawla M Abu Samra
P.O Box 921553, Amman 11192
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-9233.51997

Rights and Permissions

Purpose: To identify the risk factors associated with diabetic retinopathy among diabetic patients at Jordan University Hospital. Methods: A total of 986 patients with diabetes mellitus were assessed at Jordan University Hospital. The assessment included detailed relevant history, complete medical and ophthalmic evaluation. Results: Out of the 1961 eye examined, 64.1 percent had one form of diabetic retinopathy; 54.8 percent had nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), 9.3 percent had proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and 30.8 percent had maculopathy. Of all participants, 23.5 percent had combined NPDR and maculopathy while 7.6 percent had PDR and maculopathy. Using logistic regression analysis it was shown that old age group, long duration of diabetes, poor glycemic control, uncontrolled blood pressure and the presence of nephropathy were significantly associated with diabetic retinopathy. The incidence of maculopathy was significantly associated with the presence of hypertension, protienuria and high cholesterol level. Conclusion: The challenge for the primary care physician and diabetologist is to attain excellent glycemic control, aggressive control of blood pressure and normalization of blood lipid in order to reduce the risk of blindness and lessen the burden from diabetic retinopathy.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded324    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 2    

Recommend this journal