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Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 77-80

Risk factors for diabetic retinopathy among Jordanian diabetics


Department of Ophthalmology, Jordan University Hospital, Amman, Jordan

Correspondence Address:
Khawla M Abu Samra
P.O Box 921553, Amman 11192
Jordan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-9233.51997

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Purpose: To identify the risk factors associated with diabetic retinopathy among diabetic patients at Jordan University Hospital. Methods: A total of 986 patients with diabetes mellitus were assessed at Jordan University Hospital. The assessment included detailed relevant history, complete medical and ophthalmic evaluation. Results: Out of the 1961 eye examined, 64.1 percent had one form of diabetic retinopathy; 54.8 percent had nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), 9.3 percent had proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and 30.8 percent had maculopathy. Of all participants, 23.5 percent had combined NPDR and maculopathy while 7.6 percent had PDR and maculopathy. Using logistic regression analysis it was shown that old age group, long duration of diabetes, poor glycemic control, uncontrolled blood pressure and the presence of nephropathy were significantly associated with diabetic retinopathy. The incidence of maculopathy was significantly associated with the presence of hypertension, protienuria and high cholesterol level. Conclusion: The challenge for the primary care physician and diabetologist is to attain excellent glycemic control, aggressive control of blood pressure and normalization of blood lipid in order to reduce the risk of blindness and lessen the burden from diabetic retinopathy.


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