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Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
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EYE PATHOLOGY UPDATE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 261-267

Biopsy pathology in uveitis


Department of Ocular-Pathology and Uvea, Medical and Vision Research Foundation, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
Jyotirmay Biswas
Department of Ocular-Pathology and Uvea, Medical and Vision Research Foundation, 18, College Road, Chennai - 600 006
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-9233.90126

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Uveitis is fraught with speculations and suppositions with regard to its etiology, progress and prognosis. In several clinical scenarios what may be perceived as due to a systemic infection may actually not be so and the underlying etiology may be an autoimmune process. Investigations in uveitis are sometimes the key in identification and management. Invasive techniques could be of immense value in narrowing down the etiology and help in identifying the cause. This article updates one on the invasive techniques used in biopsy such as anterior chamber paracentesis, vitreous tap and diagnostic vitrectomy, iris and ciliary body biopsy, choroidal and retinochoroidal biopsy and fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). In populations where certain infections are endemic, the clinical scenario does not always respect a known presentation and the use of biopsy is resorted to as a sure way of confirming the etiology. Biopsies have a role in diagnosis of several inflammatory and infectious conditions in the eye and are pivotal in diagnosis in several dilemmas such as intraocular tumors and in inflammations. Appropriate and timely use of biopsy in uveitis could enhance the diagnosis and provide insight into the etiology, thus enabling precise management.


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