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Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 123-128

Survey of the attitudes of Nigerian ophthalmologists to and resources for ophthalmic research

1 Department of Ophthalmology, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria
2 Department of Ophthalmology, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria
3 Department of Ophthalmology, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
4 Department of Ophthalmology, Federal Medical Center, Owo, Nigeria
5 Eye Unit, St Mary's Catholic Hospital, Ago Iwoye, Nigeria
6 Department of Ophthalmology, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Shika-Zaria, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Abdulraheem O Mahmoud
Department of Ophthalmology, Unilorin Teaching Hospital, P. O. Box 13834, Ilorin 240008
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-9233.92128

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Aim: To study the views of ophthalmologists on their attitude to and the resources for ophthalmic health research in Nigeria and draw appropriate policy implications. Materials and Methods: Structured questionnaires were distributed to 120 ophthalmologists and ophthalmic residents who were attending an annual congress in Nigeria. Data were collected on background information, importance attributed to research, motivation for conducting research, funding, ethical oversight, literature search, and statistical support. The coded responses were statistically analyzed. P < 0.05 was statistically significant. Results: Eighty-nine of the 120 questionnaires were returned giving a response rate of 74.2%. Research function was rated a distant last by 49.5% of the respondents after clinical service (93.2%), teaching (63.1%), and community service (62.8%). Advancement of knowledge was the strongest motivating factor for conducting research (78.2 %). Securing funding (91.8%) and finding time (78.8%) were the major constraints. The ethical review committees were considered suboptimal by the respondents. Literature searches for research were conducted on the internet (79.3%) and was independent of age (P = 0.465). Research data were stored and analyzed on commonly available statistical software. Conclusions: Although study respondents regarded research highly, they were severely constrained in conducting research due to lack of access to funds and finding time away from the clinical workload. We recommend periodic (re)training on conducting good research including preparation of successful applications for research grants and allotting protected research time for ophthalmologists in Nigeria.

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