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Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 295-298

Screening for diabetic retinopathy: The first telemedicine approach in a primary care setting in Bahrain

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Salmanya Medical Complex, Manama, Bahrain
2 Dr. Ahmed Eye Clinic, Manama, Bahrain

Correspondence Address:
Ebtisam Al Alawi
Department of Ophthalmology, Salmanya Medical Complex, PO Box 12, Manama
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-9233.97928

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Purpose: To develop an integrated diabetic retinopathy screening program that uses telemedicine. Materials and Methods: In this evaluation of diagnostic technology, six telemedical screening units were established to cover all regions of Bahrain. The units were equipped with a digital fundus camera at the primary health care clinic. Fundus photographs were transmitted via the Internet to a centralized reading center. A retinal specialist at the reading center assessed the images. Results: From 2003 to 2009, 17,490 diabetic patients were screened. Of the screened patients, 20% were diagnosed with diabetic retinopathy. Of these cases, 31% required treatment. Conclusion: Telemedicine-based screening program is a feasible and efficient means of detecting diabetic retinopathy and providing treatment.

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