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Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
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REFRACTIVE SURGERY UPDATE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 18-24

Refractive surgery in systemic and autoimmune disease


The Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

Correspondence Address:
Yassine J Daoud
The Wilmer Eye Institute, Maumenee - 327 600, North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, Maryland-21287
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-9233.124082

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Patients with underlying systemic disease represent challenging treatment dilemma to the refractive surgeon. The refractive error in this patient population is accompanied by a systemic disease that may have an ocular or even a corneal component. The literature is rather sparse about the use of laser refractive surgery (LRS) and such procedure is not approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in this patient population. Patients with collagen vascular disease, diabetes mellitus (DM), allergic and atopic disease, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are never ideal for LRS. Patients with uncontrolled systemic disease or ocular involvement of the disease should not undergo LRS. However, a patient with well-controlled and mild disease, no ocular involvement, and not on multidrug regimen may be a suitable candidate if they meet stringent criteria. There is a need for a large, multicenter, controlled trial to address the safety and efficacy of LRS in patients with systemic disease before such technology can be widely adopted by the refractive surgery community.


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