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Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
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OPHTHALMIC EDUCATION UPDATE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 103-108

Structured curricula and curriculum development in ophthalmology residency


1 Department of Ophthalmology, Baylor College of Medicine; Department of Ophthalmology, The Methodist Hospital; Department of Ophthalmology, Neurology, and Neurosurgery, Weill Cornell Medical College, Houston, Texas; Adjunct Professor of Ophthalmology, The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA

Correspondence Address:
Andrew G Lee
Department of Ophthalmology, The Methodist Hospital, 6560 Fannin Street, Scurlock-450, Houston, Texas-77030
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-9233.129744

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There has been a shift in graduate medical education (GME) from the traditional "apprenticeship" model to a more curriculum-based and competency driven model. Reflecting a global trend towards residency education reform, the International Council of Ophthalmology (ICO) introduced a resident and specialist curriculum and several live educational programs to promote standardization and more effective GME and continuing professional training. Implementation of these educational innovations will require efforts by local educator champions; modification and customization of teaching and assessing tools to the local learning environment; alignment of the implementation blueprint with available resources; and creation of accountability and sustainability mechanisms to insure long-term viability of the educational reforms. An ultimate goal of the ICO curriculum is to allow real world testing and modification so that the ideas generated in one part of the world might be applicable and generalizable in other areas. We aim to describe the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) competencies in the United States (US) and ICO curriculum, as well as to provide a step-by-step plan for implementation of an ophthalmology residency curriculum.


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