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Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
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OPHTHALMIC EDUCATION UPDATE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 114-122

Adult learning principles and presentation pearls


1 Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
2 Department of Ophthalmology, USC Eye Institute, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA

Correspondence Address:
Ana G Palis
Servicio de Oftalmologia, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Juan D. Peron 4230 (C1199ABD) Buenos Aires
Argentina
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-9233.129748

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Although lectures are one of the most common methods of knowledge transfer in medicine, their effectiveness has been questioned. Passive formats, lack of relevance and disconnection from the student's needs are some of the arguments supporting this apparent lack of efficacy. However, many authors have suggested that applying adult learning principles (i.e., relevance, congruence with student's needs, interactivity, connection to student's previous knowledge and experience) to this method increases learning by lectures and the effectiveness of lectures. This paper presents recommendations for applying adult learning principles during planning, creation and development of lectures to make them more effective.


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