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Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 225-231

Quality of life in non-infectious uveitis patients on immunosuppressive therapy

Department of Uveitis, Medical and Vision Research Foundation, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. S. Sudharshan
Medical Research Foundation, 18, College Road, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai - 600 006
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-9233.134675

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Purpose: To assess visual function and vision related quality of life in patients with non-infectious posterior or panuveitis treated with immunosuppressives. Materials and Methods: Forty-three patients with non-inflammatory posterior or panuveitis were enrolled in this prospective study. All subjects underwent a detailed interview, complete ophthalmic examination, quality of life assessment using National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (VFQ-25), visual function evaluation (visual acuity and visual field) at baseline and at a sixth month follow up visit. Results: The mean NEI-VFQ 25 composite score of the subjects with posterior or panuveitis was 58.0 (±24.1). There was a statistically significant improvement (P = 0.004) in the composite score following treatment from 58.0 (±24.1) to 74.3 (±22.0) with effect size of 1.03. The psychological well-being and general health subscales showed significant improvement in the mean score following immunosuppressive therapy. While considering the visual function tests, there was a three-line improvement in the visual acuity score and changeover in the visual field severity from moderate to early defect with corresponding improvement in the visual field pattern. Though most of the patients complained of side effects such as tiredness, gastrointestinal upset and weight gain, there was improvement in the general health subscale. Conclusion: The significant improvement in the general health subscale despite side-effects shows that the benefit of immunosuppressive outweighs the risks of the therapy and this may also reflect the relatively low impact of these side-effects on the quality of life. This study shows that the use of immunosuppressives improves the quality of life of the individual.

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