About MEAJO | Editorial board | Search | Ahead of print | Current Issue | Archives | Instructions to authors | Online submission | Subscribe | Advertise | Contact | Login 
Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
Users Online: 112   Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 59-63

Adherence to topical glaucoma medications in Ethiopian patients


1 Department of Ophthalmology, St. Paul Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia

Correspondence Address:
Girum W Gessesse
Jimma University, P.O. Box. 378, Jimma
Ethiopia
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-9233.148350

Rights and Permissions

Purpose: Successful outcomes of medical treatment for glaucoma require proper and daily use of medication to prevent disease progression. The aim of this study was to determine the adherence to anti-glaucoma medications and factors associated with non-adherence among patients with ocular hypertension (OHT) or glaucoma at Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia. Materials and Methods: A hospital based cross sectional study was conducted on 200 consecutive patients from July to November 2010 at Jimma University Hospital in Southwest Ethiopia. Patients with OHT or glaucoma who were taking topical anti-glaucoma medications for more than six months were included. The study subjects were interviewed and their medical records were reviewed. Non-adherence to glaucoma therapy (NAGT) was defined as self-reported on missed medications or missed appointments, or a physician noting poor adherence. A P < 0.05 was statistically significant. Result: Overall, 135 (67.5%) patients were non adherent to glaucoma therapy. Non adherence was associated with older age (P = 0.04), advanced stage of glaucoma (P = 0.01), longer frequency of follow up (P = 0.00) and financial problem (P = 0.000). Sex (P = 0.53), level of education (P = 0.09), and marital status (P = 0.77) were not statistically significantly associated with non-adherence to anti-glaucoma drug treatment. Conclusion: A relatively high proportion of patients were not adhering to the medications regimen for glaucoma. Older age, advanced glaucoma, lengthier frequency of follow-up and financial hardship were associated with non-adherence. Eye care providers should be aware of the problem of non-adherence to topical medications.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed1593    
    Printed40    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded178    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal