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Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 64-70

Incidence of endophthalmitis after intravitreal bevacizumab using aliquots prepared On-site in 2 operating rooms in Kuwait

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Al-Adan Hospital, Hadiya; Al-Bahar Ophthalmology Center, Shuwaikh, Kuwait
2 Al-Bahar Ophthalmology Center, Shuwaikh, Kuwait
3 Department of Ophthalmology, Al-Adan Hospital, Hadiya, Kuwait

Correspondence Address:
Vivek B Wani
P. O. Box: 17672, 72457 Khaldiya
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-9233.171784

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Purpose: To report the incidence of endophthalmitis after intravitreal injection of bevacizumab and the outcomes of treatment of endophthalmitis at two centers in Kuwait. Subjects and Methods: The aliquots of bevacizumab were prepared under aseptic precautions and administered in the operating theater on the same day at both centers. All patients received antibiotic drops after injection of bevacizumab. Data were collected on the number of cases that received intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) and those that developed endophthalmitis were identified at the two centers. All cases of endophthalmitis received an intravitreal antibiotic injection and additional treatments as warranted. Data were collected on the outcomes of endophthalmitis treatment. Results: There were 5 cases of endophthalmitis among a total of 5429 injections (0.09%: Confidence interval: 0.084–0.1). The incidence was 3 cases among 4690 (0.06%) and 2 cases among 739 injections (0.027%) at each center, respectively (P = 0.08). Four cases of endophthalmitis were culture-positive and organisms isolated were, coagulase negative Staphylococcus in 2 cases, Staphylococcus lugdunensis and Streptococcus pneumoniae in 1 case each. The final visual acuity was better than pre-IVB in 3 cases, same as pre-IVB in 1 case and worse in 1 case with streptococcal infection. No eyes developed phthisis bulbi or required enucleation. Conclusions: The incidence of endophthalmitis after intravitreal injection of bevacizumab using aliquots prepared in the operating room is comparable to other studies. There were no clusters of endophthalmitis cases.

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