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Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 89-95

National Burden of Eye Diseases in Iran, 1990–2010; findings from the global burden of diseases study 2010

1 General Preventive Medicine Residency Program, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
2 Eye Research Center, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences; Center for Non Communicable Diseases Control, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran
3 Eye Research Center, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Eye Research Center, Farabi Eye Hospital; Non Communicable Diseases Research Center; Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Elham Hatef

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-9233.171781

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Purpose: The disability.adjusted life.years. (DALYs) lost due to eye diseases and trends in DALYs in Iran has not been previously reported. The object of this study is to report the burden of eye diseases in Iran and to compare changes from 1990 to 2010 based on age and gender Methods: Data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. (GBD 2010) are used to report DALYs for cataract, refraction/accommodation. (functional) disorders, macular degeneration, and glaucoma. Results: Cataract, refraction/accommodation (functional) disorders, macular degeneration, and glaucoma were the 84th, 87th, 138th, and 151st causes of DALY in 1990 and the 89th, 72nd, 99th, and 137th in 2010, respectively. Cataract accounted for 0.085% of national DALY in 1990 and 0.09% in 2010, refraction/accommodation (functional) disorders accounted for 0.42% in 1990 and 0.47% in 2010, macular degeneration accounted for 0.017% in 1990 and 0.071% in 2010 and glaucoma accounted for 0.0099% in 1990 and 0.025% in 2010. There was a steady increase in DALY with age for each eye disease for both genders and dichotomized for males and females from 1990 to 2010. Conclusions: Epidemiologic transition is reflected in major ophthalmic and blinding diseases in the GBD data for Iran. The burden of macular degeneration is rising, followed by glaucoma. The burden of presbyopia affected individuals past their middle age. The burden of cataract manifested as a slower increase that could be attributable to better access to treatment.

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