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Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 302-306

The evaluation of reading performance with minnesota low vision reading charts in patients with age-related macular degeneration

1 Niv Eye Center, Seyhan, Adana, Turkey
2 Niv Eye Center, Seyhan, Adana; Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Fatih Mehmet Adibelli
Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Harran University, Osmanbey Kampusu, 63030 Sanliurfa
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-9233.194078

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Purpose: To evaluate the reading performance using the Minnesota low vision reading (MNREAD) charts, of patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) who use low vision aid (LVA) devices. Materials and Methods: This prospective study enrolled 27 patients with AMD. Distance visual acuity (VA) was evaluated with a distance chart designed for patients with low vision. Near vision and reading performance were evaluated with the Turkish version of the MNREAD charts. Unaided vision and vision with LVA devices and high spherical add near glasses was measured. P <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The mean unaided near VA was 1.05 ± 0.27 log of the minimum angle of resolution (LogMAR). The mean VA with the LVA devices was 0.71 ± 0.41 LogMAR. Reading acuity ranged between 1.15 and 0.21 LogMAR, critical print size was between − 1.2 and 0.2 LogMAR. Maximum reading speeds were between 0 and 103 words/min. The cases are divided into groups in terms of reading speed according to age, gender, diagnosis, and education. Reading speed was negatively correlated to increasing age. Conclusion: MNREAD reading charts can be used to evaluate reading performance in patients with AMD with low vision. The outcomes of the present study indicate that optical correction is adequate for near VA requirements in this patient population. However, optical correction was inadequate for improving reading performance. Appropriate rehabilitation programs can be used to increase reading speed.

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