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Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 190-194

Investigating the visual status of preschool children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

1 Department of Optometry, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Optometry Division, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Ali M Alsaqr
Department of Optometry, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_123_17

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PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to explore the vision status of preschool children aged 3–6 years in Al Riyadh and to identify children at risk of amblyopia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional population-based study. Visual acuity (VA) was measured using 15-line Lea symbols, refractive error was assessed using the Mohindra near retinoscopy technique, and peak contrast sensitivity (CS) was measured with the aid of the numerical CS test. We recruited 335 children, with their parents' written consent, from 14 kindergartens. RESULTS: A total of 335 children were recruited; 42 children (13%) exhibited reduced VA (Median [interquartile ranges (IQRs)], 0.00 [0.01]); most were emmetropic (87.7%). Myopia (4.2%), hyperopia (8.1%), and astigmatism (20%) were also observed. Most children had normal CSs. About 14% of children were at risk of amblyopia. It has been observed that 26% of families have some kind of refractive error. CONCLUSIONS: It is important to perform vision screening of preschoolers. Early detection of abnormalities in refractive errors could help to minimize the effect of visual impairment.

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