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Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 131-136

Ocular complications resulting from the use of traditional herbal medicine in central Saudi Arabia: A review

Department of Emergency, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Huda Al-Ghadeer
Department of Emergency, King Khalid Eye Specialist Hospital, Aruba Road, POB. 7191, Riyadh 11462
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/meajo.meajo_120_21

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The present paper reviewed the ocular complications resulting from the use of traditional eye medicine in Central Saudi Arabia. We performed a literature search of the PubMed database using the keywords “traditional medicine,” “herbal medicine,” “ocular injuries,” and “visual impairments,” covering all years available for peer-reviewed full-text articles, letters, and review chapters of books. An additional search was performed in Google Scholar. All published materials were in English. Several ocular symptoms and disorders, including conjunctival cicatrization, symblepharon formation, obliteration of the fornices and the canaliculi, keratinization of the cornea, dryness, central corneal thinning, and corneal epithelial defect, have been associated with the use of traditional herbal medicine. In addition, the use of traditional eye medicine may result in corneal edema, opacity, ulceration, and perforation. Early recognition of ocular injuries could avoid or at least delay long-term sequelae. Ophthalmologists should be aware of the side effects of traditional remedies. Furthermore, public education, early detection of symptoms, and timely intervention may prevent permanent damage to the eyes.

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