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Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 151-158

Diagnosis and management of corneal abrasion perception of (primary health care physicians and emergency physicians) and its determinants in Saudi Arabia – A survey

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Jeddah, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Paediatric Emergency, Faculty of Medicine, Taif University, Ta'if, Saudi Arabia
4 Emergency Medicine, King Abdul Aziz Medical City, National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Waseem Aalam
Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Jeddah, POB 6633, Jeddah 21423
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/meajo.meajo_96_21

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PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to determine knowledge, practice, and resources available to primary care physicians to diagnose and manage corneal abrasion in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was held in 2017. Family physicians and emergency physicians attending an international conference were surveyed. The questions related to demography, invagination, and tools available in their institute were collected. The questionnaire on how to diagnose and how they manage case of corneal abrasion was also collected using tablet-based software. RESULTS: Two hundred and twenty-five participants participated in the survey. Exposure to eye patients in two-third of participants was too low (93; 39.6%). Resources for diagnosing corneal abrasion were available in limited centers (51; 21.7%). The rate of good practice to manage corneal abrasion was 21.2% (95% confidence interval 16.0; 26.5). Certified emergency physicians (P < 0.001) and western and central regions (P < 0.001) were positively associated with good practice. Availability of slit lamp (P = 0.2) was not significantly associated with the level of practice to manage corneal abrasion. Fluorescein staining and use of cobalt blue light are essential for diagnosing corneal abrasion as per 40% of participants. About 44.7% of participants replied that antibiotics and lubricants should be used to treat. Nearly one-fourth of participants suggested urgent reference to the ophthalmologist. Use of specific antibiotic varied widely; however, ofloxacin was the main choice of antibiotic in treating corneal abrasion. CONCLUSION: The knowledge and practice among physicians about corneal abrasion were low. Integrating primary eye care into emergency services through provision of required resources and training physicians is recommended.

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