Year : 2009 | Volume
: 16 | Issue : 2 | Page : 88--91
Cataract surgical outcomes in diabetic patients: Case control study
Oluwatoyin H Onakpoya1, Charles O Bekibele1, Stella A Adegbehingbe2
1 Ophthalmology Unit, Department of Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria
2 Department of Ophthalmology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
Purpose: To determine the visual outcome of cataract surgery in diabetes mellitus with advanced cataract in a tertiary institution in Nigeria.
Design: A retrospective case control study conducted at the University College Hospital, Ibadan Nigeria.
Subjects: Twenty three consecutive patients with diabetes and 23 age and sex matched non-diabetic control patients who had extracapsular cataract extraction for advanced cataract between 2002-2005.
Main outcome: Mean post operative visual acuity and surgical complications.
Results: Twenty three patients with diabetes mellitus and 23 non diabetic controls were studied; mean duration of diabetes was 8.1 ± 7.2 years. The mean post operative visual acuity in diabetics was 0.11±0.38, 0.33±0.57 and 0.38±0.49 at one week, two months and six months compared with 0.23±0.19, 0.46±0.37 and 0.48±0.31 in non diabetics. (p=0.207, 0.403 and 0.465 respectively). Improvement in preoperative visual acuity was noted in 84.2% and 90% in diabetics and non-diabetics respectively. Poor visual outcome in diabetics was mainly due to diabetic retinopathy, maculopathy or diabetes related surgical complications.
Conclusion: Visual improvement was seen following surgery for advanced cataract in diabetics in this study population. Post operative monitoring for treatment of diabetic retinopathy may enhance visual outcome.
Oluwatoyin H Onakpoya
Ophthalmology Unit, Department of Surgery, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife
|How to cite this article:|
Onakpoya OH, Bekibele CO, Adegbehingbe SA. Cataract surgical outcomes in diabetic patients: Case control study.Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2009;16:88-91
|How to cite this URL:|
Onakpoya OH, Bekibele CO, Adegbehingbe SA. Cataract surgical outcomes in diabetic patients: Case control study. Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2009 [cited 2020 Sep 26 ];16:88-91
Available from: http://www.meajo.org/article.asp?issn=0974-9233;year=2009;volume=16;issue=2;spage=88;epage=91;aulast=Onakpoya;type=0