Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology

: 2014  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 18--24

Refractive surgery in systemic and autoimmune disease

Majed AlKharashi, Kraig S Bower, Walter J Stark, Yassine J Daoud 
 The Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

Correspondence Address:
Yassine J Daoud
The Wilmer Eye Institute, Maumenee - 327 600, North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, Maryland-21287

Patients with underlying systemic disease represent challenging treatment dilemma to the refractive surgeon. The refractive error in this patient population is accompanied by a systemic disease that may have an ocular or even a corneal component. The literature is rather sparse about the use of laser refractive surgery (LRS) and such procedure is not approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in this patient population. Patients with collagen vascular disease, diabetes mellitus (DM), allergic and atopic disease, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are never ideal for LRS. Patients with uncontrolled systemic disease or ocular involvement of the disease should not undergo LRS. However, a patient with well-controlled and mild disease, no ocular involvement, and not on multidrug regimen may be a suitable candidate if they meet stringent criteria. There is a need for a large, multicenter, controlled trial to address the safety and efficacy of LRS in patients with systemic disease before such technology can be widely adopted by the refractive surgery community.

How to cite this article:
AlKharashi M, Bower KS, Stark WJ, Daoud YJ. Refractive surgery in systemic and autoimmune disease.Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2014;21:18-24

How to cite this URL:
AlKharashi M, Bower KS, Stark WJ, Daoud YJ. Refractive surgery in systemic and autoimmune disease. Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2014 [cited 2019 Oct 15 ];21:18-24
Available from: http://www.meajo.org/article.asp?issn=0974-9233;year=2014;volume=21;issue=1;spage=18;epage=24;aulast=AlKharashi;type=0