Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology

: 2015  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 467--471

Dry eye syndrome and allergic conjunctivitis in the pediatric population

Handan Akil1, Fatih Celik2, Fatih Ulas3, Ilknur Surucu Kara4 
1 Ophtalmology Clinic, Gorele State Hospital, Giresun, Turkey
2 Ophtalmology Clinic, Nizip State Hospital, Gaziantep, Turkey
3 Department of Ophtalmology, Abant Izzet Baysal Medical Faculty, Bolu, Turkey
4 Paediatrics Clinic, Gorele State Hospital, Giresun, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Handan Akil
Gorele State Hospital, Giresun

Purpose: To assess the comorbidity of dry eye syndrome (DES) and changes in corneal curvature in children with allergies. Materials and Methods: This prospective, comparative, and observational interventional study included 49 patients, who presented to the Ophthalmology Clinic of a State Hospital in Turkey. There were 25 patients with clinically diagnosed seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (AC) (with complaints of itching and papilla formation of conjunctiva; AC group) and 24 healthy children (control group). There with no significant differences in age between groups. Using the ocular surface disease index (OSDI) questionnaire, we performed tear film break-up time (BUT), central reflex tear meniscus height (TMH-R) measurement, Schirmer test on both groups and evaluated keratometry (K1, K2) and spherical equivalent (SE). Results: Patients ranged in age from 6 to 18 years (median age, 11.79 years; 46.9% male; 53.1% female). The papillary reaction was severe in 10% of patients with AC. The prevalence of dry eye in children with AC was 12%. There was no statistically significant difference between groups for K1, K2, and SE (P > 0.05, all comparisons). BUT was statistically different (P = 0.004) between groups, indicating that a higher OSDI the tear film BUT was lower (ρ = 0.567). Statistically, significant negative moderate correlations were found between papillary reaction and the Schirmer test, BUT, and TMH.R (ρ = 0.454, −0.412, −0.419, and P = 0.001, 0.003, 0.002, respectively) Conclusions: The evaluation of pediatric patients with AC requires further attention to ensure an adequate diagnosis of DES.

How to cite this article:
Akil H, Celik F, Ulas F, Kara IS. Dry eye syndrome and allergic conjunctivitis in the pediatric population.Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2015;22:467-471

How to cite this URL:
Akil H, Celik F, Ulas F, Kara IS. Dry eye syndrome and allergic conjunctivitis in the pediatric population. Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2015 [cited 2020 Sep 26 ];22:467-471
Available from: http://www.meajo.org/article.asp?issn=0974-9233;year=2015;volume=22;issue=4;spage=467;epage=471;aulast=Akil;type=0